Raja Dahir (661-712 AD ) was the last Hindu king in a predominantly Hindu kingdom of Sindh and parts of Punjab in modern day Pakistan.
An Arab general from the Umayyad Caliphate Muhammad Bin Qasim was assigned to attack the north west frontier of India after several failed attempts by the by the earlier generals. Raja Dahir being a Brahmin and all his subjects in the court being Brahmins had already a problem with the nearby Buddhists rulers and some other Buddhists citizens of his kingdom whom he considered lower castes.
Capitalizing on this caste and religious issues in Raja Dahir’s kingdom, Muhammad Bin Qasim allied with several neighbouring Buddhists Kings and rebels within Raja Dahir’s kingdom to launch an attack.
After launching the attack with superior weapons and larger manpower Muhammad Bin Qasim was finally able to defeat Raja Dahir and kill him at the battle. Raja Dahir’s wives all self-immolated themselves as per Hindu tradition upon hearing the news of husbands death. However, Raja Dahirs two daughters Suryadevi and Parimaladevi were raped by Muhammad Bin Qasim and later sent to Baghdad as a gift to the Caliph. The Islamic invaders broke all the codes and laws of the war and destroyed all the Hindu temples, killed innocent villagers and raped women on streets, killed most men, killed old people and children. Robbed all the valuables of the people.
Raja Dahir’s two daughters would later live in Baghdad as sex slaves of the Caliph.
One fine day they sent a letter to Mohammad Bin Qasim’s generals bearing the stamp and signature of the Caliph. The letter contained an order – ‘Put Mohammad in a leather bag, seal the bag and send it here’. The order was from the Caliph. The generals followed the order word to word; they put Mohammad alive in a letter bag, sealed the bag and sent it to Baghdad on a ship. When the ship reached Baghdad after 10-12 days, Mohammad Bin Qasim’s corpse had decayed to such an extent that worms had begun to devour the corpse. The decaying smell was unbearable.
The Caliph investigated as to ‘Why was he sent to him like this?’ The two girls then told the Caliph, “We sent a letter bearing your signature and stamp. We have taken revenge on the demon who inflicted untold misery in our kingdom. We have done this. We feel proud of what we have done. We have fulfilled our national duty. We are ready to face any consequences for this action.”
An enraged Caliph tied the hair of the two girls to the tails of horses and made the horses run throughout Baghdad. The girls were being kicked by the horses and their bodies were being stripped of its skin in the process. Their hair was being pulled and their heads were dashing against the knees of horses. Except for the bloodied heads, both bodies were stripped and cut into pieces and were being dropped on the road. But the two girls, who were proud of having avenged the insult to their kingdom, did not have a single tear in their eyes as they embraced martyrdom.